Ah, Fuggles! According to me, the Fuggle hop variety has the funniest name in all of hopdom (Hersbrucker is a close second). But seriously, it is a classic English aroma hop that is used in brewing for over 100 years. Interestingly, the use of the singular and the plural version of the name seem to be used interchangeably on the web and in texts. Not sure how dual usage came about, but I think it make sense to use “Fuggle” when pairing it with the word “hops” and “Fuggles” when you do not.
Here’s some other things I dug up on the Fuggle hop variety.
Origin: The UK. It was cultivated by a guy named Richard Fuggle. His nickname was ‘Fuggly-Wuggly”. Ok, I made that up. There are a few dates attached to this hop. One is 1861 and the other is 1875. My guess is that the variety was first grown in 1861 and made available commercially in 1875. Other things about the Fuggle hop: Styrian Goldings is Fuggles grown in Slovenia and they are a parent to Willamette, Cascade, and Glacier hops.
Aroma: Woody, earthy, pleasant vegetal.
Alpha Acid: Ranges from 3.5 to 6% AAU.
Typical Usage: Mostly flavor or aroma but I have seen Fuggles used in bittering too.
Beer Styles: English ales are a good fit for this hop variety: Porters, Milds, and Bitters. I like using Fuggles when I brew porters. Fuggles are grown in the US too but they are less potent as the UK version. If you can get UK Fuggles, get them.